Details

Urban Disaster Resilience and Security


Urban Disaster Resilience and Security

Addressing Risks in Societies
The Urban Book Series

von: Alexander Fekete, Frank Fiedrich

202,29 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 04.12.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9783319686066
Sprache: englisch

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Beschreibungen

This edited book investigates the interrelations of disaster impacts, resilience and security in an urban context. Urban as a term captures megacities, cities, and generally, human settlements, that are characterised by concentration of quantifiable and non-quantifiable subjects, objects and value attributions to them. The scope is to narrow down resilience from an all-encompassing concept to applied ways of scientifically attempting to ‚measure’ this type of disaster related resilience. 28 chapters in this book reflect opportunities and doubts of the disaster risk science community regarding this ‚measurability’. Therefore, examples utilising both quantitative and qualitative approaches are juxtaposed. This book concentrates on features that are distinct characteristics of resilience, how they can be measured and in what sense they are different to vulnerability and risk parameters. Case studies in 11 countries either use a hypothetical pre-event estimation of resilience or are addressing a ‘revealed resilience’ evident and documented after an event. Such information can be helpful to identify benchmarks or margins of impact magnitudes and related recovery times, volumes and qualities of affected populations and infrastructure.
PART 1 – Science-Policy Nexus Perspectives.- Management of a city - demands on decision-makers and operational institutions.- Challenges of both quantitative and qualitative methods to address built environment vulnerability and resilience.- Management of a city – demands on decision-makers and operational institutions.- From information to knowledge: the role of knowledge for urban resilience and crisis management.- Information provision and consulting communities about climate change and risks: an integrated critical infrastructure risk and resilience concept in the context of extreme weather and global change.- Opportunities of indicator-based operationalisations of resilience for urban disaster resilience.- PART 2 Case studies of urban disaster resilience and security.- The Distribution of Vulnerability of Urban Spaces: Residential Segregation and the Subjective Dimension of (Un)Safety.- Interrelations of urbanisation and resilience in dynamic and emerging nations: chances and challenges.- Presumptuousness and measure of a city - Kathmandu as a stage of international resilience efforts.- Knowledge as enabler of urban infrastructure resilience.- PART 3  - Critical perspectives on a scientific advancement on the topic of urban resilience.- Reviews to Part 2 and Replies of the authors.- Is the urban resilience metaphor overstretched?.- Who gets marginalised and sidelined by the urban resilience focus?.- The resilient city - 10 years of research.- Harbour city / airport city.- Smart city / Green city / Science city / Edge city (suburbia).- Periurban.- An Urban Earthquake Disaster Risk Index.- PART 4 - Synopsis.
Dr. Alexander Fekete is Professor of Risk and Crisis Management at the Institute for Rescue Engineering and Security (IRG) at the Cologne University of Applied Sciences. His present research focuses on studying the systemic interrelations of natural, technical and man-made hazards with social vulnerabilities and critical infrastructures. Interdisciplinary disaster risk management, risk governance, urban resilience, risk and crisis communication, and target levels of safety and security are recent research and educational activities.Prof. Frank Fiedrich studied Industrial Engineering and received his Ph.D. from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, where he worked on Decision Support Systems and Agent-based Simulation for disaster response. From 2005 to 2009, he was Assistant Professor at the Institute for Crisis, Disaster, and Risk Management ICDRM at the George Washington University, Washington DC. Since 2009, he is chairing the Institute for Public Safety and Emergency Management at the University of Wuppertal. His research interests include the use of information and communication technology for disaster and crisis management, societal, organisational and urban resilience, interorganizational decision-making, critical infrastructure protection and societal aspects of safety and security technologies. Additionally, Professor Fiedrich is honorary member of the International Association for Information Systems in Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM).
This edited book investigates the interrelations of disaster impacts, resilience and security in an urban context. Urban as a term captures megacities, cities, and generally, human settlements, that are characterised by concentration of quantifiable and non-quantifiable subjects, objects and value attributions to them. The scope is to narrow down resilience from an all-encompassing concept to applied ways of scientifically attempting to ‚measure’ this type of disaster related resilience. 28 chapters in this book reflect opportunities and doubts of the disaster risk science community regarding this ‚measurability’. Therefore, examples utilising both quantitative and qualitative approaches are juxtaposed. This book concentrates on features that are distinct characteristics of resilience, how they can be measured and in what sense they are different to vulnerability and risk parameters. Case studies in 11 countries either use a hypothetical pre-event estimation of resilience or are addressing a ‘revealed resilience’ evident and documented after an event. Such information can be helpful to identify benchmarks or margins of impact magnitudes and related recovery times, volumes and qualities of affected populations and infrastructure.
Connects urban resilience and critical infrastructure domains Documents common threads in urban resilienceProvides a review and response discussion by recognized scholars plus a synthesis
Connects urban resilience and critical infrastructure domains Documents common threads in urban resilienceProvides a review and response discussion by recognized scholars plus a synthesis

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