Details

Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States


Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States


1. Aufl.

von: Martin J. Bush

101,99 €

Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 29.11.2017
ISBN/EAN: 9781119132875
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 240

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Beschreibungen

A groundbreaking synthesis of climate change adaptation strategies for small island states, globally A wide ranging, comprehensive, and multi-disciplinary study, this is the first book that focuses on the challenges posed by climate change impacts on the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). While most of the current literature on the subject deals with specific regions, this book analyses the impacts of climate change across the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean, and the African and Indian Ocean regions in order to identify and tackle the real issues faced by all the small island States. As the global effects of climate change become increasingly evident and urgent, it is clear that the impact on small islands is going to be particularly severe. These island countries are especially vulnerable to rising sea levels, hurricanes and cyclones, frequent droughts, and the disruption of agriculture, fisheries and vital ecosystems. On many small islands, the migration of vulnerable communities to higher ground has already begun. Food security is an increasingly pressing issue. Hundreds of thousands of islanders are at risk. Marine ecosystems are threatened by acidification and higher seawater temperatures leading to increased pressure on fisheries—still an important source of food for many island communities. The small island developing States emit only small amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Yet many SIDS governments are allocating scarce financial and human resources in an effort to further reduce their emissions. This is a mistake. Rather than focus on mitigation (i.e., the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States concentrates on adaptation. The author assesses the immediate and future impacts of climate change on small islands, and identifies a range of proven, cost-effective adaptation strategies. The book: Focuses on the challenges of climate change faced by all of the world’s small island developing States; Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research into the most likely environment impacts; Uses numerous case studies to describe proven, practical, and cost-effective policies, including disaster management strategies—which can be developed and implemented by the SIDS; Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach, making it of particular interest to specialists in a variety of disciplines, including both earth sciences and life sciences. This book is a valuable resource for all professionals and students studying climate change and its impacts. It is also essential reading for government officials and the ministries of the 51 small island developing States, as well as the signatories to the 2015 Paris climate agreement. 
Preface xi Abbreviations and Symbols xiii 1 The Changing Climate 1 Introduction 1 Recent Impacts of Climate Change 6 Reports From the Front Line 8 Future Shock 10 Warming the Oceans 12 Multidimensional Threats 14 References 17 2 Small Island Developing States 19 Meet the SIDS 20 Demography 23 Social Development 24 Economic Vulnerability 24 Climate Change Impacts on Small Islands 27 Coastal Zones: A Clear and Present Danger 28 Coastal Zones: Terrestrial and Intertidal Impacts 30 Coastal Marine Ecosystems 32 Low Elevation Coastal Zones 40 Agriculture 48 Fisheries 49 Food Insecurity 52 Undernourishment in the SIDS 54 Poverty and Climate Change 54 Tourism 56 Freshwater Resources 58 Human Health 59 Climate?]driven Migration 60 References 61 3 Adapting to a Changing Climate 65 Ecosystem?]based Adaptation 66 Adaptation in Coastal and Marine Environments 67 Marine Protected Areas 72 Three Bays Protected Area in Haiti 75 Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture 90 Conservation Agriculture 92 Rice Production 97 Irrigation 100 Adaptation Technologies for Agriculture 100 Water Resources Management 102 Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) 103 Agricultural Water Management (AWM) 105 Rainwater Harvesting and Management 106 Wastewater Treatment and Recycling 108 Reclaimed Water for Agricultural Use 110 Fisheries and Aquaculture 112 Disaster Risk Management 115 Adaptation and Mitigation Synergies 116 References 117 4 Adapting Energy Systems 121 Depending on Energy 122 Access to Electricity 123 Renewable Energy 124 Photovoltaic (PV) Electricity 127 Minigrid Systems 129 Distributed PV Systems 132 Wind Power 134 Solar Water Heaters 136 Hydropower 138 Geothermal Energy 139 Solar Thermal Power 139 Energy Efficiency 140 References 142 5 Managing Adaptation 145 The Key Climate Hazards 145 The Regulatory Framework 150 National Adaptation Programs of Action 151 Financing Adaptation 152 The Green Climate Fund 154 The Adaptation Fund 156 Programme Development 158 Geographical Information Systems 162 References 163 6 Country Profiles 165 American Samoa 165 Anguilla 167 Antigua and Barbuda 168 Aruba 170 Contents ix The Bahamas 171 Bahrain 173 Barbados 174 Belize 175 British Virgin Islands 176 Cabo Verde 178 Comoros 179 Cook Islands 180 Cuba 181 Dominica 182 Dominican Republic 183 Fiji 184 French Polynesia 186 Grenada 187 Guam 188 Guinea?]Bissau 189 Guyana 189 Haiti 190 Jamaica 192 Kiribati 193 Maldives 194 Marshall Islands 195 Mauritius 196 Micronesia, Federated States 197 Montserrat 198 Nauru 199 New Caledonia 200 Niue 201 Northern Mariana Islands 202 Palau 202 Papua New Guinea 203 Puerto Rico 204 Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 205 Samoa 206 Sao Tome and Principe 206 Seychelles 207 Singapore 209 Solomon Islands 210 Suriname 211 Timor?]Leste 212 Tonga 213 Trinidad and Tobago 214 Tuvalu 214 US Virgin Islands 215 Vanuatu 216 References 216 Index 219
Martin J. Bush, PhD has over thirty years of senior project management experience in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean in the fields of renewable energy, natural resources management, watershed management, disaster preparedness, and climate change adaptation.
A groundbreaking synthesis of climate change adaptation strategies for small island states, globally A wide ranging, comprehensive, and multi-disciplinary study, this is the first book that focuses on the challenges posed by climate change impacts on the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). While most of the current literature on the subject deals with specific regions, this book analyses the impacts of climate change across the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean, and the African and Indian Ocean regions in order to identify and tackle the real issues faced by all the small island States. As the global effects of climate change become increasingly evident and urgent, it is clear that the impact on small islands is going to be particularly severe. These island countries are especially vulnerable to rising sea levels, hurricanes and cyclones, frequent droughts, and the disruption of agriculture, fisheries and vital ecosystems. On many small islands, the migration of vulnerable communities to higher ground has already begun. Food security is an increasingly pressing issue. Hundreds of thousands of islanders are at risk. Marine ecosystems are threatened by acidification and higher seawater temperatures leading to increased pressure on fisheries—still an important source of food for many island communities. The small island developing States emit only small amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Yet many SIDS governments are allocating scarce financial and human resources in an effort to further reduce their emissions. This is a mistake. Rather than focus on mitigation (i.e., the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States concentrates on adaptation. The author assesses the immediate and future impacts of climate change on small islands, and identifies a range of proven, cost-effective adaptation strategies. The book: Focuses on the challenges of climate change faced by all of the world's small island developing States; Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research into the most likely environment impacts; Uses numerous case studies to describe proven, practical, and cost-effective policies, including disaster management strategies—which can be developed and implemented by the SIDS; Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach, making it of particular interest to specialists in a variety of disciplines, including both earth sciences and life sciences. This book is a valuable resource for all professionals and students studying climate change and its impacts. It is also essential reading for government officials and the ministries of the 51 small island developing States, as well as the signatories to the 2015 Paris climate agreement.

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