Ice Ages and Interglacials

Ice Ages and Interglacials

Measurements, Interpretation, and Models
3rd ed. 2019

von: Donald Rapp

107,09 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 13.04.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9783030104665
Sprache: englisch

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This book provides a detailed review of terminations of ice ages, including a very attractive theory based on dust deposits on ice sheets. While other books on ice ages are mostly short, popular, and non-technical, the only book that attempts to deal with the broad issues of what we know about past ice ages and why they occur is the book by Muller and MacDonald (M&M), published by Praxis. However, despite its many good features, this book suffers from an inordinate emphasis on spectral analysis, a lack of coverage of new data, and a very confusing sequence of chapters. As a result, the data and theory are so intimately entwined that it is difficult to separate one from the other. This volume provides an independent and comprehensive summary of the latest data, theories and analysis. This third edition of what has become the premier reference and sourcebook on ice ages addresses recent topics, and includes new references, new data, and a totally new, greatly expanded treatment of terminations of ice ages.
In a fully updated second edition, this book offers both history and analysis of extreme climate change on Earth. The book provides an complete and independent summary of the latest data on ice ages and interglacial periods, independent of theory or analysis.
Preface.- 1. History and Description of Ice Ages.- 2. Variability of the Earth's climate.- 3. Ice core methodology.- 4. Ice core data.- 5. Ocean sediment data.- 6. Other data sources.- 7. Overview of the Various Models for Ice Ages.- 8. Variability of the Earth’s Orbit: Astronomical Theory.- 9. Comparison of Astronomical Theory with Data.- 10. Interglacials.- 11. Terminations of Ice Ages.- 12. Status of Our Understanding.- 13. References.
Donald Rapp has had a long and varied science and engineering career with since receiving his Ph.D. from the University of California in January 1960. He was a professor for 14 years, and achieved the rank of full professor at the age of 40. Over the years, he has developed a unique talent to move into a field, research it thoroughly, and write an incisive, perceptive summary of that field. His capabilities are widely sought for writing summary technical reports and technical proposals.

He has published numerous scientific papers and eight textbooks: Quantum Mechanics, Statistical Mechanics, Solar Energy, Financial Bubbles, Human Missions to Mars, Use of Extraterrestrial Materials in Human Missions to Mars and the Moon, The Climate Debate, and Assessing Climate Change.

His eight books are summarized at:
It is not so long ago (a mere 17,000 years – a blink in geologic time) that vast areas of the Northern Hemisphere were covered with ice sheets up to two miles thick, lowering the oceans by more than 120 m. By 11,000 years ago, most of the ice was gone.

Evidence from polar ice cores and ocean sediments show that Ice Ages were persistent and recurrent over the past 800,000 years. The data suggests that Ice Ages were the normal state, and were temporarily interrupted by interglacial warm periods about nine times during this period.

Quasi-periodic variations in the Earth cause the solar input to high northern latitudes to vary with time over thousands of years. The widely accepted Milankovitch theory implies that the interglacial warm periods are associated with high solar input to high northern latitudes. However, many periods of high solar input to high northern latitudes occur during Ice Ages while the ice sheets remain.

The data also indicates that Ice Ages will persist regardless of solar input to high northern latitudes, until several conditions are met that are necessary to generate a termination of an Ice Age. An Ice Age will not terminate until it has been maturing for many tens of thousands of years leading to a reduction of the atmospheric CO2 concentration to less than 200 ppm. At that point, CO2 starvation coupled with lower temperatures will cause desertification of marginal regions, leading to the generation of large quantities of dust. High winds transfer this dust to the ice sheets greatly increasing their solar absorptivity, and at the next up-lobe in the solar input to high northern latitudes, solar power melts the ice sheets over about a 6,000-year interval.

A warm interglacial period follows, during which dust levels drop remarkably. Slowly but surely, ice begins accumulating again at high northern latitudes and an incipient new Ice Age begins.

This third edition presents data and models to support this theory.
Comprehensive book covering all aspects of ice ages

Provides a detailed review of terminations of ice ages including a theory based on dust deposits on ice sheets

Offers an up-to-date overview including topics such as climate change

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