Details

The Philosophers and Mathematics


The Philosophers and Mathematics

Festschrift for Roshdi Rashed
Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science, Band 43

von: Hassan Tahiri

103,52 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 14.08.2018
ISBN/EAN: 9783319937335
Sprache: englisch

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Beschreibungen

This book explores the unique relationship between two different approaches to understand the nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. It collects essays that examine the distinctive historical relationship between mathematics and philosophy. Readers learn what key philosophers throughout the ages thought about mathematics. This includes both thinkers who recognized the relevance of mathematics to their own work as well as those who chose to completely ignore its many achievements.The essays offer insight into the role that mathematics played in the formation of each included philosopher’s doctrine as well as the impact its remarkable expansion had on the philosophical systems each erected. Conversely, the authors also highlight the ways that philosophy contributed to the growth and transformation of mathematics. Throughout, significant historical examples help to illustrate these points in a vivid way. Mathematics has often been a favored interlocutor of philosophers and a major source of inspiration. This book is the outcome of an international conference held in honor of Roshdi Rashed, a renowned historian of mathematics. It provides researchers, students, and interested readers with remarkable insights into the history of an important relationship throughout the ages.
Chapter 1. Analogy and Invention: Some Remarks on Poincaré’s Analysis Situs Papers (Claudio Bartocci).- Chapter 2. Scientific Philosophy and Philosophical Science (Hourya Benis Sinaceur).- Chapter 3. Avicenna and Number Theory (Pascal Crozet).- Chapter 4. Zigzag and Fregean Arithmetic (Fernando Ferreira).- Chapter 5. The Foundations of Geometry by Peano’s School and Some Epistemological Considerations (Paolo Freguglia).- Chapter 6. ?????? ???????????? ?????? (Reinhard Kahle).- Chapter 7. Enthymemathical Proofs and Canonical Proofs in Euclid’s Plane Geometry (Abel Lassalle-Cazanave).- Chapter 8. Some Reasons to Reopen the Question of the Foundation of Probability Theory Following Gian-Carlo Rota (Carlos Lobo).- Chapter 9. Mathematics and the Physical World in Aristotle (Pierre Pellegrin).- Chapter 10. The Axiom of Choice as Interaction. Brief Remarks on the Principle of Dependent 179 Choices in a Dialogical Setting (Shahid Rahman).- Chapter 11. Avicenna: Mathematics and Philosophy (Roshdi Rashed).- Chapter 12. For a Continued Revival of the Philosophy of Mathematics (Jean-Jaques Szczeciniarz).- Chapter 13. The Foundations of Arithmetic in Ibn S?n? (Hassan Tahiri).
Hassan Tahiri is a fellow researcher at the Centre for Philosophy of Science of the University of Lisbon (CFCUL) and the University of Charles de Gaulle Lille 3 (MSH, Nord-Pad-de Calais). His research interests focus on the history and philosophy of mathematics, logic and argumentation. Some of his main publications include Mathematics and the Mind. An introduction into Ibn S?n?’s Theory of Knowledge (Springer Brief Series in Philosophy, 2016) and The Unity of Science in the Arabic Tradition. Science, Logic, Epistemology and their Interactions (Springer, 2008).
This book explores the unique relationship between two different approaches to understand the nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. It collects essays that examine the distinctive historical relationship between mathematics and philosophy. Readers learn what key philosophers throughout the ages thought about mathematics. This includes both thinkers who recognized the relevance of mathematics to their own work as well as those who chose to completely ignore its many achievements.The essays offer insight into the role that mathematics played in the formation of each included philosopher’s doctrine as well as the impact its remarkable expansion had on the philosophical systems each erected. Conversely, the authors also highlight the ways that philosophy contributed to the growth and transformation of mathematics. Throughout, significant historical examples help to illustrate these points in a vivid way.Mathematics has often been a favored interlocutor of philosophers and a major source of inspiration. This book is the outcome of an international conference held in honor of Roshdi Rashed, a renowned historian of mathematics. It provides researchers, students, and interested readers with remarkable insights into the history of an important relationship throughout the ages.
Clarifies the nature of the relationship between mathematics and philosophy throughout history

Examines the ways philosophy and mathematics helped each other expand and transform

Features historical examples throughout to vividly illustrate important points

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